Revision Buddies Complete Collection
£14.99 / year
Enable full access to all of our apps on all your IOS and Android devices.
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You can now get all of your Revision Buddies apps at the touch of a button! Download our GCSE History, Geography, RS, Math, Physics, Biology, Chemistry and French apps in this convenient and affordable bundle. Save more than 50% on the cost of buying the apps individually.
Written by teachers, our apps build confidence, knowledge and understanding in preparation for your GCSE exams. Through 1000s of comprehensive self-assessment tests as well as many additional features to enhance learning and provide a fun, effective and enjoyable revision environment, we will help you work towards achieving the best grade possible.
Take charge of your revision and use our apps anywhere, anytime. Whether you are studying higher or lower tier, OCR, Edexcel or AQA, our creators have dedicated their time to ensuring that you can adapt these apps according to your requirements so that you get the most out of your revision time.
– Choose core or additional levels of the AQA, Edexcel or OCR exam boards
– 1000s of original, syllabus specific multiple choice questions
– Detailed explanations to further understanding
– 100s of illustrations, graphs and diagrams
– Progress at your own pace using repeated tests or questions at random
– Watch your knowledge improve using inbuilt progress reports
– Share your results with friends or teachers on Twitter & Facebook
– Gain insight into the layout of your exams through direct links to past papers & mark schemes
Our apps are written by committed Key Stage 4 teachers and examiners, determined to ensure that students get the most out of their revision. For more information on our authors and each of the topics covered in our History, Geography, RS, Physics and French apps please see our website: www.revisionbuddies.com
What people say:
“Best revision app on the store – As a student going into my GCSE exams this is the most helpful revision app series on the App Store”
– RB GCSE History review, App Store 19 April 2015
“Great app – Really helps me revise and I have learnt a lot from this. Shows past papers and little questionnaires about certain subjects, love it.”
– RB GCSE Geography review, App Store 16 April 2015
Subjects and Content
Understanding numbers: decimals, fractions & percentages, recurring decimals, odd numbers, powers & roots, positive & negative numbers, factors & primes, product of primes; LCM & HCF, upper & lower bounds; mixed numbers, reciprocals & simplifying fractions; value, conversions & ratios; determining significant figures; calculating distance, speed & time; rounding & estimating; inverse & direct proportion, calculating percentage increases & decreases, compound interest, profit & loss; standard form; rationalisation & surds
Collecting, recording & representing data, arranging & analysing data; cumulative frequency tables & curves, histograms, scatter diagrams, space diagrams, tree diagrams, frequency diagrams, pictograms, composite bar charts, stem & leaf diagrams, plot boxes & pie charts; determining the mode, median & mean; grouped frequency calculations; averages & range; using probability; combined events, expectation & two way tables, surveys & data analysis, correlations & variables
Expressions & formulae; equations – solving, rearranging & simultaneous equations, identities, quadratics & factorising; inequalities; Trial & improvement; understanding graphs & their equations – straight, parallel & perpendicular lines, curves, circles & gradient intersections; cubic functions; patterns & Sequences, the nth term; 3D grids & understanding coordinates; using information to plot representative graphs; vertex positioning, transformations, gradients, direct & indirect proportions; number lines, line segments & coordinates, conversion graphs, speed/distance/time graphs; problem solving
Geometry (Calculator and Non – Calculator):
Understanding shapes (regular & compound); perimeter & area, angles – connection to parallel lines, on a straight line, at a point etc., interior & exterior angles; angles of elevation & depression; triangles & Pythagoras’ theorem, polygons, circles & sectors; lines & planes of symmetry, transformations, rotation & reflections, factors of enlargement, congruency & tessellations; 3D shapes, surface area, volume & cross sections; conversions; speed/distance/time; quadrilaterals; bearings, vectors, scales & drawing; using a ruler & compass; loci
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to express opinions on healthy and unhealthy lifestyles and their consequences; relationships with family and friends; thoughts for the future, such as marriage and partnerships; hobbies and interests, sporting events and lifestyle.
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to discuss your free time, plans, preferences and experiences; to talk about what to do when you are getting around, socialising, attending special occasions and festivals, as well as your opinions on TV, films, music, shopping, money, fashion and technology.
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to discuss how to travel, experiences of holidays and exchanges – including the weather, accommodation, food, drink and cultural differences.
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to describe and discuss music, film, reading and books, fashion, celebrities, religion, blogs and the internet.
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to describe your home and the local area, what your local region is like; to talk about life at home, facilities nearby and how you get around; to give opinions on and discuss the current problems facing the planet and how to be environmentally friendly.
Ability to recognise and use the appropriate vocabulary and grammar to describe your school, college and future plans as well as pressures and problems; to talk about current jobs, work experience/part-time jobs, school life, future study and jobs abroad.
Verbs (regular and irregular) including reflexive, all persons of the verb, negative forms, interrogative forms, impersonal verbs (‘il faut’), verbs followed by an infinitive and prepositions.
Tenses – The present tense, the perfect tense, the imperfect tense (‘avoir’, ‘être’, ‘faire’), the conditional tense with ‘vouloir’, ‘aimer’ and ‘pouvoir’, the immediate future tense and the imperative.
Articles – definite, indefinite and partitive.
The use of the negative.
Adverbs – comparative and superlative including ‘mieux’ and ‘le mieux’, regular, interrogative, of place and time.
Adjectives – agreements and position, possessive, demonstrative (‘ce’, ‘cette’), comparative and superlative including ‘meilleur’ and ‘pire’, indefinite.
Dates and time – including ‘depuis’ plus the present and imperfect tense.
Pronouns – personal, reflexive, relative (‘qui’ and ‘que’), emphatic, demonstrative, indefinite, interrogative, the use of ‘y’ and ‘en’, object (direct and indirect).
Quantifiers and intensifiers (‘assez’, ‘beaucoup’, ‘peu’ etc).
Conjunctions such as ‘mais’ and ‘puis’.
The ability to recognise the passive voice in the present, future, imperfect and perfect tenses. The present participle including the use of ‘en’. Using ‘dont’, demonstrative and possessive pronouns (‘celui’ and ‘le mien’). The subjunctive mood in the present tense and commonly used expressions.
All our MCQs are explained and translated exposing the student to a wide range of useful vocabulary focusing on the themes mentioned above.
Including: Central beliefs of Christianity; sources of authority; inspiration and interpretation of the Bible; the effect of these interpretations on believers and their lifestyles. The meaning and belief in the oneness of God and the Trinity; the incarnation and Jesus as the Son of God; the meaning of the crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Jesus; the person and work of the Holy Spirit. Sin and the means of salvation; judgement and the world to come. Religious leaders (bishops, priests, ministers); ceremonies of commitment; places of worship; the role of pilgrimage in the Christian tradition; private and public worship; Holy Communion; The Ten Commandments, religious festivals such as Christmas and Easter; features of different denominations and churches.
Including: Central beliefs of Christianity; sources of authority; inspiration and interpretation of the Bible; the effect of these interpretations on believers and their lifestyles. The meaning and belief in the oneness of God and the Trinity; the incarnation and Jesus as the Son of God; the meaning of the crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Jesus; the person and work of the Holy Spirit. Sin and the means of salvation; judgement and the world to come. Religious leaders (bishops, priests, ministers); ceremonies of commitment; places of worship; the role of pilgrimage in the Christian tradition; private and public worship; Holy Communion; The Ten Commandments, religious festivals such as Christmas and Easter; features of different denominations and churches.The Right to Life, abortion and UK laws and Christian attitudes towards them. Different types of euthanasia and suicide and UK laws and Christian attitude towards them. The use of medical technology; fertility treatments, cloning, genetic modification. Different sexual relationships, contraception and sexuality. Illegal, medical and socially accepted drugs. Marriage, religious and civil marriage ceremonies. Cohabitation and civil partnerships; adultery, divorce and remarriage. The world as God’s creation, stewardship, justice and respect for life and the world. Social responsibility, attitudes to gambling, the importance of commitment, family and the elderly. Christian responses to prejudice and discrimination, immigration and the fight for equal rights. The UK as a multi-faith society. Human responsibility for the environment, Christian opinion and conservation projects. Christian attitudes towards world poverty and organisations for its prevention. Fair trade and the campaigns for justice. Attitudes and theories on war and peace, The Just War Theory, pacifism, terrorism, nuclear warfare. The aims and different types of punishment in society and Christian attitude towards it.
The Existence of God, the difficulties of proving the existence of God. The First Cause (Cosmological) argument, the Design (Teleological) argument, the argument from religious experience for the existence of God and arguments against the existence of God. God as One in different persons; the type of language used about God; God as all-powerful, all-loving, all-knowing, all-compassionate. Different ways in which believers claim that God can be known. The Problem of Evil and the questioning of an all-knowing, all-loving, powerful God and the existence of evil and suffering. The different forms of evil (natural and moral), justification for the continued existence of evil and suffering. The Compatibility of Science and Religion, the origins of the Universe and the world; the Big Bang and other scientific theories and the role of God in creation. Evolution, different understandings of life after death; out of body and near death experiences. The question of unanswered prayer
The key beliefs and sources of authority that underpin the Muslim way of life and influence Muslim behaviour and attitudes. Understanding Islamic terminology, Prophethood, the Day of Judgment, paradise and hell. The importance of the revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad, the importance of the Qur’an and its compilation; Hadith, Sunnah, Surah, the Hijrah; the significance of Madinah (Medina) and Makkah (Mecca). Different views on Shari’ah; Sunni and Shi’ah (Shi’i). The Five Pillars, their meanings and importance: shahadah, salah, zakah, sawm, hajj. Worship and the role of the Mosque, its design and function, such as the Mihrab and Minbar. The use of aids in prayer and the role of the Imam and the Mu’adhin. Islamic festivals such as Eid ul Fitr; Eid ul Adha. Lifestyle and the concepts of Halal and Haram, attitudes to dress and types of clothing. Ummah, the Islamic community: respect, religious duty and good actions. Marriage, worship in the home, attitudes towards women. Opinions of other religions and working within a multifaith society
The principles of Islam and the purpose and quality of life. Attitudes to abortion and euthanasia; belief in life after death, resurrection and judgment. Considerations of fertility issues – contraception, IVF, AIH, AID. Surrogacy, reproductive cloning, Gene Therapy and Genetic Engineering. Care for the poor, attitudes towards Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs), the work of Muslim organisations and agencies in world development and the relief of poverty - attitudes to money and to giving to the poor and needy. Concepts of the Purpose of life, justice, reconciliation and peace. Views about war, Greater and Lesser Jihad, attitudes towards disarmament, pacifism, nuclear warfare and proliferation. Protest – different ways of protesting and reasons for protest. The environment and causes of pollution, attitudes towards Conservation. Earth Summits, animal rights and the concept of stewardship. Crime and aims of punishment; Capital and Corporal punishment. Final judgment before Allah and the issues of justice and forgiveness. Muslim life and the importance of Halal and Haram. Marriage and divorce, the importance of the family; education, children, the role of parents, the role of women, the elderly. Human sexuality and sexual relationships. Attitudes to drugs and gambling, attitudes towards moral and immoral occupations
The Existence of Allah and proving His existence. The First Cause (Cosmological) argument, the Design (Teleological) argument, the argument from religious experience and arguments against the existence of a god. Allah as all-powerful, all-loving, all-knowing, all-compassionate and all-forgiving. The Problem of Evil and the questioning of Allah being all-knowing, all-loving and the existence of evil and suffering. The different forms of evil (natural and moral), justification for the continued existence of evil and suffering. Concepts of agnosticism, atheism, conversion and free will. The Compatibility of Science and Religion and Muslim teachings about the origins of the world and humanity. Scientific theories such as that of the Big Bang and evolution and the role of Allah in creation. Different understandings of life after death and destiny. Attitudes towards fate. Islam as a way of life and Muslim upbringing. Religious experience, miracles and prayer.
Britain WW1: Before, During and After Including: The Suffragettes, the works of Rowntree, the Liberal Party and its reforms: The Children’s Charter and welfare Acts of parliament, The BEF, WW1 war tactics and weapons, the Battles of the Somme, Ypres and Verdun, DORA, Government censorship and propaganda, Conscription, Rationing, the role of women in WW1, Economic decline post WW1 and industrial action
Britain WW2: Before, During and After Including: The Great Depression and its effects, the Dole, the Means Test, the Jarrow Crusade and unemployment, The Battle of Britain, Dunkirk Spirit, The Blitz, Rationing and the role of women in WW2, D-Day and the end of war, the introduction of the Labour Party, the Welfare State and the development of the NHS
Germany: The Weimar Republic Including: The Weimar Republic, its origins and initial problems, Opposition to the treaty of Versailles, The Kapp Putsch, impact of the Great Depression, hyperinflation, The work of Stresemann for German recovery, The Dawes and Young Plans, Germany’s reappearance on the international stage, the decline of the Weimar Republic and problems in its ability to make decisions in times of crisis
Germany: 1918-1939: The Rise of Hitler Including: Hitler and the development of the Nazi Party, the Munich Putsch, Mein Kampf and the reorganisation of the Nazi Party, political opinion of the Nazi party during the 1920s and 1930s, the impact of the Great Depression, the role of the SA, the Struggle for power. The removal of opposition, the Reichstag Fire, the Enabling Act, The Night of the Long Knives. The Police State and effect of Propaganda, Society in Nazi Germany, minority groups under Nazi rule and much more…
The Fall of the Tsarist Regime; The road to Communism Including: The autocratic nature of Tsarist rule, Tsar Nicholas II, his character and flaws, the growth of opposition, the impact of WW1, food shortages and overcrowding,The Tsarina and Rasputin, the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. The Provisional Government and its weaknesses. The October Revolution, The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Civil War, War Communism, the Kronstadt mutiny and the NEP, the roles of Lenin and Trotsky
The USSR and Stalin Including: Stalin and the Power Struggle following the death of Lenin, The Great Purge, Society under Stalin, the NKVD, The Cult of Stalin, Collectivisation, the Kulaks, the 5 year plans, Rapid Industrialisation, The Show trials and their impact, Propaganda and censorship, the rewriting of history and much more…
The USA: The Economic Boom and the Roaring 20s Including: Economic boom after WW1, mass production, consumerism, hire purchase, post WW1 European dependence on the USA and its decline, overproduction and the effects of Isolationism on industry and agriculture. The Roaring 20, Flappers, the Charleston, the changing position of women, Prohibition and gangsters, Al Capone
The USA: The Great Depression and the New Deal Including: Buying on the margin, The Wall Street Crash and its effects, Republican policy, Laissez Faire, Hoovervilles, Bonus marchers, unemployment, homelessness and the dust bowl. Roosevelt and the New Deal, The Alphabet Agencies, policies towards agriculture, industry, unemployment and welfare. The Second New Deal, opposition to the New Deal, the long and short term effects of the New Deal and Roosevelt’s policies
The USA: Racism and intolerance, Civil Rights and a Changing Society Including: Racism and intolerance, immigration laws, the Ku Klux Klan, McCarthyism, The HUAC, The Red Scare, The Alger Hiss Case, The Hollywood 10, Prohibition, Martin Luther King and Peaceful Protest, Black Power, Malcolm X, other Civil Rights movements, the Montgomery bus boycott, Sit ins, Counter Culture, The Civil Rights Acts, the changing position of women – their fight for equal rights and much more…
Causes of WW1 Including: The Growth of tensions in Europe up to 1914, international rivalry, the Entente Cordiale, the Triple Entente and the development of the Alliance system, the Great Powers and relations with the Balkans, Kaiser Wilhelm II’s aggressive foreign policy, the Growth of nationalism, the Moroccan crises, the Anglo-German arms race, the Black Hand and the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Schlieffen Plan and the declaration of war
The Peace Treaties and how Europe was affected Including: The armistice of WW1, The Paris Peace Conference and the ‘big three’, The terms of the Treaty of Versailles and German reaction, the aims of the Allies in the creation of the Peace Treaties, the terms and effects of the Treaties of Neuilly, Trianon, St Germain, Sèvres and Lausanne, the transformation of Europe after WW2, The creation of the League of Nations, its organisation and power, the work and aims of the League of Nations
The road to WW2 Including: Japan and Manchuria, Italy and Abyssinia, the weaknesses and failure of the League of Nations, Challenges to the Peace Settlements, Hitler’s aggressive leadership: Lebensraum, Grossdeutschland, re-armament, Anschluss; Appeasement and its failures, the Sudetenland crisis, the Pact of Steel, the Nazi Soviet Pact, Poland and the outbreak of war and much more…
The development of the Super Powers and the Cold War Including: The ideological differences between the Super Powers, Yalta and Potsdam conferences, Cominform, Comecon, the Warsaw Pact and the Iron Curtain. The arms race and nuclear power, The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Bizonia, the Berlin Blockade and airlift, Hungary, Nagy’s rule and Soviet reaction
Cold War Crises: Berlin, Cuba, Czechoslovakia Including: Berlin and the problem with migration, Khrushchev and demilitarisation, the issue of the U2 spy plane and Khrushchev’s relations with Kennedy and Eisenhower. The development of the Berlin wall and Western reaction. Cuba: Relations between Cuba and the USA, the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban missile crisis, the 13 days, Kennedy’s leadership, the Hot Line and development of the Test Ban Treaty. Czechoslovakia: Dubcek and Socialism with a human face, the reforms of the Prague Spring, Soviet reaction and the reestablishment of Soviet control, Western reaction and more…
The end of the Cold War Including: SALT 1, Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, The collapse of Détente, the Helsinki Accords, Soviet intervention in Poland, SALT 2, the Olympic boycotts, Star Wars. Changing attitudes of American and Soviet leaders, The INF Treaty, Gorbachev’s policies of Perestroika and Glasnost, the collapse of the USSR, the end of the Warsaw Pact, the collapse of the Berlin Wall
Tectonic plates and the make-up of the Earth; fold mountains and human adaptation; effects and responses to earthquakes, volcanoes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis
The life of a river and its processes; river profiles; river features; waterfalls; valleys and flood plains; causes of flooding and its management; supply and demand of water, water stress and drought
Glaciation and glacial periods; ice sheets and ice caps; glacial erosion and deposition landforms, human interaction with glacial regions
The motion of the sea and its effects on coastlines ; coastal erosion; deposition and transportation; the causes and effects of rising sea levels; weathering; cliff tops and coastal management; soft and hard engineering techniques; salt marshes, sand dunes, beaches and their environment; case study examples
The make-up of ecosystems; biomes; the characteristics of tropical rainforests; decomposition; the food chain and energy flow; habitats and survival; human impact on ecosystems; deserts and habitat adaptation; species and their behaviour; deforestation; desertification and population
Scales of geological time; rock types; the formation of the Earth; rock processes; rock identification; weathering; effects of rock type on the surrounding landscape and human adaptation; quarrying in the UK and different uses of rocks
The UK climate; weather systems; clouds and types of rainfall; wind and anticyclones; the sun; atmospheric pressure; extreme weather, climate change and government intervention; the make-up of hurricanes, their effects and human response; the Earth’s atmosphere, greenhouse gases and human impact
Population pyramids and the structure of a population; population density and flux; diversity within a population; positioning of populations and environmental impact; demographics; factors effecting the development of a population and the management of them; migration trends
Settlement characteristics; primary, secondary and tertiary sectors; types of settlement and their patterns; rural settlement characteristics, employment, economics and population distribution; industrialisation and its effects; urban settlement characteristics, employment, economics and population distribution; urban models, urban and rural settlements in MEDCs and LEDCs; settlement growth and coping with its changes; settlement growth and pollution
Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
Animal and plant cells
Culturing microorganisms (triple award only)
Mitosis and the cell cycle
Principles of organisation
The human digestive system
The heart and blood vessels
Coronary heart disease: a non-communicable disease
The effect of lifestyle on some non-communicable diseases
Plant organ system
Communicable (infectious) diseases
Human defence systems
Antibiotics and painkillers
Discovery and development of drugs
Producing monoclonal antibodies
Uses of monoclonal antibodies
Detection and identification of plant diseases (triple award only)
Plant defence responses (triple award only)
Rate of photosynthesis
Uses of glucose from photosynthesis
Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Response to exercise
The human nervous system: Structure and function
The brain (triple award only)
The eye (triple award only)
Control of body temperature (triple award only)
Human endocrine system
Control of blood glucose concentration
Maintaining water and nitrogen balance in the body (triple award only)
Hormones in human reproduction
The use of hormones to treat infertility (HT only)
Negative feedback (HT only)
Plant hormones: Control and coordination (triple award only)
Use of plant hormones (triple award and HT only)
Sexual and asexual reproduction
Advantages and disadvantages of sexual and asexual reproduction (triple award only)
DNA and the genome
DNA structure (triple award only)
Cloning (triple award only)
Theory of evolution (triple award only)
Speciation (triple award only)
The understanding of genetics (triple award only)
Evidence for evolution
Classification of living organisms
Adaptations, interdependence and competition
Organisation of an ecosystem
Biodiversity and the effect of human interaction on ecosystems
Trophic levels in an ecosystem (triple award only)
Food production (triple award only)
Sub-cellular structures of eukaryotic and prokaryotic
How specialised cells are adapted to their function
Number, size and scale
Quantitative units in relation to cells
Biological specimens using microscopes
Mechanism of enzyme action
Factors affecting enzyme activity
rate calculations for enzyme activity
Enzymes as biological catalysts
Diffusion, osmosis and active transport
Percentage gain and loss of mass in osmosis
Cell division in plants and animals
Structures and functions of the brain
Difficulties and limitations of accessing and treating brain tissue and other parts of the nervous
Meiotic cell division
Order of bases in a section of DNA (HT only)
The stages of protein synthesis (HT only)
Genetic variants in the non-coding and coding DNA (HT only)
The work of Mendel
Dominant and recessive traits
ABO blood groups
Inherited sex-linked genetic disorders (HT only)
The Human Genome Project
The work of Darwin and Wallace
Darwin’s theory of evolution
Evidence for human evolution
The main stages of genetic engineering (HT only)
WHO definition of health
Communicable and non-communicable diseases
Lifecycle of a virus
Sexually transmitted infections
Ways in which plant diseases can be detected
and identified (HT only)
The human immune system
microorganisms in the laboratory
Developing new medicines
Production and use of monoclonal antibodies (HT only)
Lifestyle factors on health and BMI
Treatments for cardiovascular disease
Photosynthesis in plants and algae as an endothermic reaction
Limiting factors on the rate of photosynthesis
Root hair cells
Xylem and phloem
Environmental factors of water uptake
Rate calculations for transpiration
Commercial uses of auxins, gibberellins and ethene in plants (HT only)
Adrenalin (HT only)
Thyroxine (HT only)
The menstrual cycle
Interactions of oestrogen, progesterone, FSH and LH (HT only)
Hormonal and barrier methods of contraception
Assisted Reproductive Technology (HT only)
Blood glucose and Glucagon (HT only)
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The urinary system
The effect of ADH (HT only)
Treatments for kidney failure
The need to transport substances
Exchange surfaces and a transport systems
Rate of diffusion
The structure of the blood
The structure of the heart and circulatory system
Cellular respiration as an exothermic reaction
Aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration
Heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output
Different levels of organisation
Abiotic and biotic factors
Parasitism and mutualism
Quadrats and belt transects
Pyramid of biomass
Efficiency of energy transfers
Impact of human interactions
The water cycle
The carbon cycle
Indicator species (HT only)
Decomposition and decay
What is the genome and what does it do?
How is genetic information inherited?
How can and should gene technology be used?
What are the causes of disease?
How do organisms protect themselves from pathogens?
How can we prevent the spread of infections?
How can we identify the cause of an infection? (Triple award only)
How can lifestyle, genes and the environment affect my health?
How can we treat disease?
What happens during photosynthesis?
How do producers get the substances they need?
How are organisms in an ecosystem interdependent
How are populations affected by conditions in an ecosystem?
What happens during cellular respiration?
How do we know about mitochondria and other cell structures?
How do organisms grow and develop?
How is plant growth controlled? (Triple award only)
Should we use stem cells to treat damage and disease?
How do substances get into, out of and around our bodies?
How does the nervous system help us respond to changes?
How do hormones control responses in the human body?
Why do we need to maintain a constant internal environment?
What role do hormones play in human reproduction?
What can happen when organs and control systems stop working?
How was the theory of evolution developed?
How do sexual and asexual reproduction affect evolution? (Triple award only)
How does our understanding of biology help us classify the diversity of organisms on Earth
How is biodiversity threatened and how can we protect it?
Energy stores and systems
Changes in energy
Energy changes in systems
Energy transfers in a system
National and global energy resources
Standard circuit diagram symbols
Electrical charge and current
Current, resistance and potential difference
Series and parallel circuits
Direct and alternating potential difference
Energy transfers in everyday appliances
The National Grid
Static charge (Triple award only)
Electric fields (Triple award only)
Density of materials
Changes of state
Particle model and pressure
Temperature changes in a system and specific heat capacity
Changes of heat and specific latent heat
Particle motion in gases
Pressure in gases (Triple award only)
Increasing the pressure of a gas (Triple award only) (HT only)
The structure of an atom
Mass number, atomic number and isotopes
The development of the model of the atom
Radioactive decay and nuclear radiation
Half-lives and the random nature of radioactive decay
Background radiation (Triple award only)
Different half-lives of radioactive isotopes (Triple award only)
Uses of nuclear radiation (Triple award only)
Nuclear fission (Triple award only)
Nuclear fusion (Triple award only)
Scalar and vector quantities
Contact and non-contact forces
Work done and energy transfer
Forces and elasticity
Moments, levers and gears (Triple award only)
Pressure in a fluid (Triple award only and part HT only)
Atmospheric pressure (Triple award only)
Describing motion along a line
Forces, accelerations and Newton’s Laws of motion
Forces and braking
Momentum is a property of moving objects (HT only)
Conservation of momentum (HT only)
Changes in momentum (Triple award only and HT only)
Transverse and longitudinal waves
Properties of waves
Reflection of waves (Triple award only)
Sound waves (Triple award only) (HT only)
Waves for detection and exploration (Triple award only) (HT only)
Types of electromagnetic waves
Properties of electromagnetic waves 1
Properties of electromagnetic waves 2
Uses and applications of electromagnetic waves
Lenses (Triple award only)
Visible light (Triple award only)
Emission and absorption of infrared radiation (Triple award only)
Perfect black bodies and radiation (Triple award only)
Poles of a magnet
Fleming’s left-hand rule (HT only)
Electric motors (HT only)
Loudspeakers ( Triple award only) (HT only)
Induced potential (HT only)
Uses of the generator effect (HT only)
Microphones (HT only)
Transformers (HT only)
Our solar system (Triple award only)
The life cycle of a star (Triple award only)
Orbital motion, natural and artificial satellites (Triple award only)
Red-shift (Triple award only)
SI unit for physical quantities
Multiples and sub-multiples of units
Converting between different units
Significant figures and standard form
Vector and scalar quantities
Velocity, speed and distance
Newton’s first and second and third laws
Weight and mass
Gravitational field strength
Centripetal force (HT only)
Inertial mass (HT only)
Momentum (HT only)
Human reaction times and stopping distance
Gravitational potential energy
Conservation of energy
Patterns and trends in the use of energy resources
What do waves transfer?
Frequency and wavelength
Amplitude, period, wave velocity and wavefront
Longitudinal and transverse waves
Effects of Reflection, refraction, transmission and absorption
Ultrasound and infrasound (HT only)
Reflection, refraction and total internal reflection
Specular and diffuse reflection
Longitudinal and transverse waves
Colour of light
Atoms and molecules
Atomic (proton) number and mass (nucleon) number
Masses and relative electric charges of protons, neutrons, electrons and positrons
Measuring and detecting radioactivity
Alpha, beta and gamma radiations
The atomic model
Uses of radioactivity
Dangers of ionising radiation
Contamination and irradiation effects
Radiation in medicine
Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power
Nuclear chain reaction
Nuclear fusion and nuclear fission
What does the solar system consist of?
Ideas about the structure of the Solar System over time
Orbits of moons, planets, comets and artificial satellites
Circular and stable orbits
Steady State and Big Bang theories
The evolution of stars<
Methods of observing the Universe over time
How to measure the work done by a force
Change in gravitational potential energy
Calculating kinetic energy
Structure of the atom
Electric circuit diagrams
Series and parallel circuits
Current and charge
Direct and alternating voltage/current
Mains input wires
How an insulator can be charged by friction
Like charges repel and unlike charges attract
Earthing removes excess charge
Uses of electrostatic charges
Dangers of sparking
Permanent and temporary magnetic materials
Permanent and induced magnets
Fleming’s left-hand rule
Producing an electric current by the relative movement of a magnet and a conductor
Induced potential difference
Electromagnetic induction in alternators and dynamos
The action of the microphones, speakers and headphones
Alternating current and direct current
The turns ratio equation
The power equation
Kinetic theory model
States of matter
Heat capacity and specific latent heat
Kelvin and Celsius scales
Gas pressure and volume
Risks and benefits of using radiations
How do waves behave
When light and sound meet different materials
How much energy do we use?
How can electricity be generated?
What is electric charge?
Current in an electric circuit<
series and parallel circuits
rate of energy transfer in a circuit
The process inside an electric generator
What are forces?
How can we describe motion?
What is the connection between forces and motion?
How can we describe motion in terms of energy transfers?
What is radioactivity?
How can radioactive materials be used safely?
How can radioactive material be used to provide energy?
How does energy transform matter?
How does the particle model explain the effects of heating?
How does the particle model relate to material under stress?
How does the particle model relate to pressure in fluids?
How can scientific models help us understand the Big Bang?
The periodic table
Types of substance
Calculations involving masses
States of matter
Methods of separating and purifying substances
Obtaining and using metals
Reversible reactions and equilibria<br><br>
Transition metals, alloys and corrosion
Rates of reaction
Heat energy changes in chemical reactions
Earth and atmospheric science,
Qualitative analysis: tests for ions
Polymers, Alcohols and carboxylic acids
Bulk and surface properties of matter including nanoparticles
A simple model of the atom, symbols, relative atomic mass, electronic charge and isotopes
The periodic table
Properties of transition metals (triple award)
Chemical bonds, ionic, covalent and metallic
How bonding and structure are related to the properties of substances
Structure and bonding of carbon
Bulk and surface properties of matter including nanoparticles (triple award)
Reactivity of metals
Reactions of acids and Electrolysis
Rate of reaction
Reversible reactions and dynamic equilibrium
Carbon compounds as fuels and feedstock
Synthetic and naturally occurring polymers (triple award)
The composition and evolution of the Earth's atmosphere
Carbon dioxide and methane as greenhouse gases
Exothermic and endothermic reactions
Chemical cells and fuel cells (triple award)
Using the Earth's resources and obtaining potable water
Life cycle assessment and recycling and Using materials (triple award)
Chemical measurements, conservation of mass and the quantitative interpretation of chemical equations
Use of amount of substance in relation to masses of pure substances
Yield and atom economy of chemical reactions (chemistry only)
Purity, formulations and chromatography
Identification of common gases
How has the earth’s atmosphere changed over time, and why?
What is the evidence for climate change, why is it occurring?
How can scientists help improve the supply of portable water?
How have our ideas about atoms developed over time?
What does the periodic table tell us about the elements?
How do metals and non-metals combine to form compounds?
How are equations used to represent chemical reactions?
What are the properties of transition metals?
How are the atoms held together in a metal?
How are metals with different reactivities extracted?
Electrolytes and what happens during electrolysis?
Why is crude oil important as a source of new materials?
How is data used to choose a material for a particular use?
What are the different types of polymers?
How do bonding and structure affect properties of materials?
Why are nanoparticles so useful?
What happens to products at the end of their useful life?
How are chemicals separated and tested for purity?
How do chemists find the composition of unknown samples?
How are the amounts of substances in reactions calculated?
How are the amounts of chemicals in solution measured?
What useful products can be made from acids?
How do chemists control the rate of reactions?
What factors affect the yield of chemical reactions?
How are chemicals made on an industrial scale?